The advice of a WHO advisor on reproductive well being includes further reproductive well being coaching for Ob/Gyn specialists, family doctors, and midwives. However, he notes several limitations to providing the mandatory training, together with the elaborate and time-consuming course of to acquire the Ministerial approval for coaching courses. A UNFPA report printed in 2000 notes resistance to this shift amongst specialised obstetrician/gynecologists in Turkmenistan. According to the report, these specialists, in addition to the family medical doctors, are concerned about the coverage as a result of household physicians are not skilled in gynecological examination and generally lack expertise in this field. Yet a recent news report now paperwork women’s fear of giving start in hospitals due to the unsanitary situations in buildings that haven’t had main repairs since their development through the Soviet period. Infants born in state maternity hospitals also regularly turn into contaminated by meningitis, hepatitis B and C, and salmonella.

As mentioned underneath General Comment No.19, a examine by the Helsinki Federation for Human Rights discovered that courts in Turkmenistan typically do not settle for home violence as ground for divorce. As this research illustrates, a judge’s “inner convictions,” significantly the place traditional gender stereotypes are prevalent, might not serve to guard women towards discrimination or violence. When a woman does see a health care provider in a rural clinic, she may should journey to a nearby metropolis to fill a prescription. Rural households sometimes do not permit women to journey alone, even to seek medical assistance, which may forestall women from in search of treatment in a timely fashion. When rural women do travel to areas with improved well being amenities, it is usually too late for obtaining good therapy results. Rural women are less likely than men to take part in the political, social, and financial growth of the state on account of their immense family and family duties and geographic isolation.

Turkmenistan Journey Highlights

Some mothers-in-regulation even justify abuse as needed because they, too, needed to endure it once they have been new brides. This creates a vicious cycle that takes an enormous bodily and psychological toll on women, and there are no public training campaigns to intervene. Women in abusive conditions hesitate to report domestic violence to state authorities for a number of reasons. First and foremost, home violence is handled as a traditional mannequin of male conduct. The Turkmen government makes no point out of home violence in its combined initial and second periodic report. Neither the Constitution of Turkmenistan nor the Turkmen Criminal Code directly addresses home violence.

Homosexual conduct is a felony offense beneath Turkmen law, punishable by a maximum two-year prison sentence. The Turkmen government rejected suggestions, made during Turkmenistan’s Universal Periodic Review at the United Nations Human Rights Council in May, to decriminalize gay conduct. Starting at the finish of 2017, authorities for the first time allowed some family visits to Ovadandepe. In June, greater than 30 relatives of prisoners held there, convicted on religious expenses in or after 2016, have been allowed to go to. The authorities arbitrarily bans from international journey households of dissidents and prisoners whom it considers disloyal.

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There are no statistics on Turkmenistan’s system of economic support for households in need, and the interviews conducted for this report did not paint a clear image of the current welfare system. Some interviewees had heard of state assist for struggling households, but said that the system didn’t present adequate financial help. Others didn’t think that state welfare advantages have been out there at all. In addition, other state advantages, similar to maternity and sick go away, have been cut by 20 %.Predictably, these measures have left lots of of 1000’s of Turkmenistan’s most vulnerable citizens in dire situations. The life expectancy of women dwelling in rural areas was reported to be 10 years lower than that of their counterparts in Ashgabat. This distinction has been interpreted as being due partially to lower survival fee of feminine infants in rural areas. The knowledge provided here embody official state-supplied knowledge, statistics reported by the Turkmenistan authorities to supra-national organizations such because the World Health Organization , NGO produced estimates, and journalistic sources.

The constant menace of dismissal may encourage judges to adjudicate circumstances primarily based on what they perceive because the president’s desired end result rather than on the basis of the regulation. As is the case with most government positions, judges are appointed and dismissed by the president. The government’s assertion that judges are “ruled by their inside conviction” might assist explain why women often hesitate to use the judicial system.

Our Turkmenistan Journeys

In March, Omarkulyev went missing after migration authorities banned him from returning to Turkey for his studies. RFE/RL and the Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights , an exile group, reported that Omarkulyev was sentenced to 20 years in jail on unknown expenses, and was being held on the maximum safety prison in Ovadandepe. In June, an activist for Baloch minority rights, Mansur Mingelov, sentenced in 2012 to 22 years in jail on bogus narcotics and other charges, was denied sufficient medical help when he skilled chest ache and high blood pressure. Mingelov was taken to a prison medical unit, however according to Amnesty International he was supplied with therapy only in July, after his family brought drugs and insisted that medical doctors administer them. In 2018, Turkmenistan faced a extreme economic crisis that consultants imagine was brought on in part by state mismanagement of hydrocarbon revenues. Yet authorities blocked individuals from regions most affected by the crisis from touring so they may seek work elsewhere. In some instances, particularly in rural areas, dad and mom even instruct their sons to abuse their new wives (who typically live with their in-laws) so as to make them more docile.

Although Article 163 of the Criminal Code now criminalizes polygamy, the government has made no effort to implement the regulation or condemn the apply in any meaningful means. Although the “bride tax” not exists, the status of different necessities for marriages between overseas nationals and ladies in Turkmenistan is unclear. In 2004, foreign nationals in search of to marry women from Turkmenistan had been required to have lived in Turkmenistan for one yr and own property there. Several of the interviewees said that folks in Turkmenistan typically view the judicial system with mistrust because bribery typically determines the outcome of a case. In addition to the lack of independence and objectivity that works against women, this technique is likely to ship results for those who can pay—men.

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For instance, the Ruzimatov household, relatives of a government official in exile, remained banned from touring overseas. In June, Turkmenistan’s ombudsperson published a report on the primary 12 months of the institution’s work, stating that she had resolved 25 of the 254 complaints filed. Among them was the case of a lady whom authorities had banned from leaving Turkmenistan. After the ombudsperson’s intervention, she was allowed to journey to Russia so her youngster, who has multiple disabilities, could obtain medical treatment. In February, they lured Omruzak Omarkulyev, who created a casual Turkmen students club at a college in Turkey, into returning to Turkmenistan.

Women are in danger for HIV via sex work and intravenous drug use, but in addition as wives and partners of men who use sex employees or use injected medicine. Another factor that will increase women’s danger is their lack of expertise of HIV/AIDS. Although seventy three% of ladies of reproductive age had heard of HIV, only half believed they may minimize risk by way of conduct change. Additionally, solely 31% of women knew that condoms also can cut back threat of infection.